Chemical diversity of mint essential oils and their aromatherapy significance

Plants of the mint genus (Mentha L.) are the sources of essential oils of various chemotypes, classified according to the content of the main component. Essential oils vary in chemical composition, which affects their fragrance and therapeutic properties. The present paper was focused on the properties and aromatherapeutic applications of mint oils, whose main constituents are menthol/menthone, carvone, linalool, pulegone or piperitenone oxide. The menthol essential oil, showing cooling, analgesic as well as antipruritic effects and facilitating concentration, is most commonly used in aromatherapy. Moreover, the carvone chemotype essential oils are popular; thanks to their astringent, lightening and anti-inflammatory action, they favourably affect the skin. The linalool chemotype (antiseptic, refreshing effects) and piperitenone essential oils are less commonly used. The use of pulegone essential oils can be risky due to possible toxic effects when applied in higher doses.

Published in 2018, 22 (4) Keywords: , , ,

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Vincent Pol University in Lublin