Location, direction, number of arches and spinal curvature angles in younger school-age children

The aim of the study was to analyse the location, direction, number of arches and sizes of spinal curvature angles in younger school-age children. The location, direction and angles of spinal curvature were determined using the Diers formetric III 4D optoelectronic method. Research was carried out at the Posturological Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (Poland).
We examined 251 children, 113 girls (45.02%) and 138 boys (54.98%) aged 7-8 years from Świętokrzyskie primary schools. The spinal examination performed using the Diers formetric III 4D method demonstrated scoliosis in 103 (41%) children. The scoliotic posture was diagnosed in 141 (56.17%) children. In the groups with scoliosis, kyphotic-type curvature occurred most common. Left sided, single-arch curvature prevailed.
One-way analysis of variance showed significant intergroup differences regarding spinal curvature angle
measurements. In the treatment of scoliosis, each case has to be considered independently. Pathogenesis and pathomechanics of the curvature have to be determined, as well as its progression (extent), location, direction and curvature angle size.

Published in 2018, 22 (3) Keywords: , , , , ,

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Vincent Pol University in Lublin
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