Assessment of knowledge about prophylaxis and treatment of osteoporosis among women

Osteoporosis is rated among social diseases due to its extent and consequences and is the
third leading cause of death, following heart diseases and neoplasms [1]. The findings of the European Vertebral
Osteoporosis Study have revealed that the prevalence of osteoporosis in Poland is 20.5% and 13% in women
and men, respectively. According to the Polish data, in the population over 50 years of age, osteoporosis affects
2.8 million individuals and another 3-5 million are at a higher risk of fractures resulting from decalcification
of bones [2]. According to the epidemiological data, the issue of osteoporosis is of growing importance due to
the prolongation of lifespan and increased numbers of the elderly. The aim of the present study was to assess
the level of knowledge about prophylaxis and treatment of osteoporosis among women.
Material and methods
. The study was performed among 100 patients of the Independent Public Healthcare
Medical Centre in Ostrów Mazowiecka between June and August 2016. The research was carried out with a
diagnostic survey method using an anonymous questionnaire consisting of 24 open and closed questions.
The results were statistically analysed and presented in tables and figures. The chi-square (χ2 ) test and the
Pearson`s correlation coefficient were applied.
In the study population, 28% of women stated they definitely had knowledge about osteoporosis,
56% – rather had, 9% rather had no such knowledge, and 7% definitely had no such knowledge. The best known
factors of osteoporosis reported by women included genetic predisposition (60% of respondents), sedentary
lifestyle (lack of physical activity (58%), use of substances (50%), premature menopause ( 36%), low bone mass
( 33% of respondents). The best known preventive measures were to minimise the effects of all factors leading
to osteoporosis ( 86%), diets rich in calcium and vitamin D (70%) as well as physical activity ( 59%).
1. Women have basic knowledge of osteoporosis.
2. Women know what osteoporosis is and are familiar with its causes.
3. Women know and define the basic rules of osteoporosis prevention.
4. Women know and use drug therapies and supplementations reducing the risk of osteoporosis.
Published in 2017, 21 (1) Keywords: , ,

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Vincent Pol University in Lublin