Synthetic musk odorants in cosmetic products

Musk has its place among the most important classes of odorants used in the perfume industry as it imparts sensuality, volume and diffusion to fragrance compositions. Synthetic musk odorants have been in use for over 130 years and are found in almost all fragrant consumer products including cosmetics and laundry detergents. The first group of synthetic musks comprised nitro musks. These are nitro derivatives of alkylbenzenes which, however, have been banned or their use has been limited to a significant extent. They were replaced by polycyclic and macrocyclic musks. Among the polycyclic musks, galaxolide and fixolide, derivatives of benzopyran and tetrahydrophthalene, were on the leading edge, respectively. Macrocyclic musks are cyclic ketones or lactones derived from the fragrance components of natural musk. The last, rationally developed and synthesised group are alicyclic musks, among which helvetolide and romandolide, esters of propanoic acid, have primacy. Currently, the new generation musk with a diene motif is synthesized and designed using the knowledge of the molecular target and molecular modelling methods.

Published in 2021, 25 (1) Keywords:

In press:

Volume 25 (1)

Archival issues:

Vincent Pol University in Lublin